We see a lot of discussion around how much cruise crew get paid - or realistically, how little. However, one of the other major questions we get asked is, "How much do cruise ship captains make?" The simple answer here is that it can vary based on a number of factors including the length of service, cruise line, education, and size of the ship. Let's take a look at what goes into a cruise ship captain salary ...
Cruise ship captain salaries have been on an increase over the past years. While the current trends in the cruise industry make it difficult to project with certainty, it is expected that cruise ship captains will continue to be the highest-paid captains at sea. The salary range here runs from $50,000 for captains of small ships offering day cruises out of ports like San Diego or Miami up to nearly $200,000 for the cruise ship captains on the largest vessels such as Royal Caribbean Oasis of The Seas or Carnival's Mardi Gras cruise ship. However, the average cruise ship captain salary for a major cruise line is typically between $110,000-$150,000.
Regardless of the type of ship or region of the world, a cruise ship captain's responsibilities are far greater than just driving the boat. A cruise ship captain is on duty 24-hours a day and quite literally the master of the vessel. This means that he (or she) has responsibility for all aspects of the cruise ship experience from the engine room to the entertainment options. A cruise ship captain is supported in this effort by a team of officers who are responsible for individual aspects of the cruise ship including entertainment, food, navigation, supplies, and medical.
For example, a typical cruise ship bridge crew includes the following staff:
Captain - Master of the vessel
Staff Captain - second in command of the vessel
Safety Officer - responsible for crew and passenger safety drills, and all emergency procedures
Environmental Compliance Officer - oversees all environmental policis and regulations
1st, 2nd and 3rd Officers - reporting the Staff Captain these officers are responsible for various watch duties as well as navigational responsibilities
Apprentice Deck Officer - students or graduates who are seeking on the job practical experience on an operating vessel to apply their class-room and simulator experience
Chief Security Officer - responsible for security and control of all access points on the vessel where passengers and crew might enter or exit
Bosun - head of the unlicensed deck crew, schedules all meetings and manages activities not involving officers
Quartermaster - Also known as the Helmsman is responsible for actually controlling the ship based on navigational charts and orders from the Captain and Bosun
Fireman - this officer is responsible for leading and coordinating any response to a fire as well as fire hazard prevention efforts
With a significant and diverse staff like this plus the ultimately responsible for thousands of crew and cruise ship passengers, it is easy to understand why a cruise ship captain salary would be so high. In fact, I almost feel like this level of responsibility should maybe earn a cruise ship captain even more money!
With such a high level of responsibility but also a large range of types of vessels, you can see why the simple question of what does a cruise ship captain make can be pretty complex. After all, a cruise ship captain with responsibility for a $1.4 billion dollar ship such as Oasis of the Seas carrying more than 9,000 people and weighing more than 226,000 gross tons would have a higher salary than a captain responsible for overnight trips with only five passengers.
Ship Size Is A Big Factor In a Cruise Ship Captain Salary
When most people think of cruise ships, they have visions of the large ocean-going vessels that are essentially floating hotel resorts carrying thousands of passengers. However, when you look at sites such as ZipRecruiter they actually include salaries of captains on smaller passenger vessels as well. Personally, I don't include a vessel with only a handful of passengers to be in the same category as those with thousands of cruise passengers spending a week or more onboard.
Cruise Lines Pay Captains Differently
Not all cruise lines pay their captains the same salary. Additionally, the weekly or monthly cruise ship captain salary might not be the full picture. Generally speaking, within the cruise ship industry, The top salaries can be found at Carnival Cruise Line, Norwegian Cruise Line, MSC Cruises, and Royal Caribbean. This generally also correlates with the size of the vessels that a captain might be commanding since the next up are Princess Cruises, Disney Cruise Lines, Seabourne, and Holland America. While there will always be variations in how much a cruise ship captain will make, it is clear that the biggest ships command the biggest salaries to attract the most skilled cruise ship captains.
Additionally, there are likely many other factors that go into the overall salary compensation package for a cruise ship captain beyond just salary. For example, the accommodations on board, stock option packages, and various company privileges that might differ from one cruise line to the next.
Hiring Crew and Officers For Cruise Ships Is Very Competitive
While several decades ago the industry may have been different. In today's world hiring the most skilled cruise ship crew as well as officers is a highly competitive endeavor. This means that factors such as how much do cruise lines pay captains all the way to the bottom of the ship with crew working in the engine room and cleaning cabins is constantly changing. Cruise lines know that it is no longer an issue of simply offering an opportunity, the best crew and officers will go to those ships and cruise lines where they are compensated well. This includes cruise ship captains as well of course.